Education in the Philippines During the Japanese Era

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Education during the Japanese Era
Japan launched an attack on the Philippines on December 8, 1941, just ten hours after their attack on Pearl Harbor. Initial aerial bombardment was followed by landings of ground troops both north and south of Manila. •Order No. 2 of the Japanese Imperial Forces set up the war-time educational objectives in the country on February 17, 1942 Education aimed at:

Making the people understand the position of the Philippines as a member of the East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. (to create a Great East Asia, comprising Japan, Manchukuo, China, and parts of Southeast Asia, that would, according to imperial propaganda, establish a new international order seeking "co prosperity" for Asian countries which would share prosperity and peace, free from Western colonialism and domination.) •Eradication of reliance upon Western states

New Filipino culture as Orientals
Elevating the morals of the people giving up over-emphasis on materialism •Diffusion of elementary education and promote vocation education •Use of Japanese language and termination of the use of the English language in schools •Inspiring the people with the spirit to love labor

Training done through schools

Opening of vocational schools
Establishment of agricultural schools and colleges (focus on the natural resources of the Philippines which the Japanese can benefit from it) •Circular content: LOVE FOR LABOR
Emphasize vocational education
Use of Nippongo (Nihonggo)
Physical education
Singing Japanese Songs
Legal Mandate
Proclamation No. 1
– Sovereignty of the United States over the Philippines was over and that Martial Law was to reign - Made the Philippines a member of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

Tulio, Doris D. Foundations of Education 2, Mandaluyong City; National Bookstore, 2008 Internet:
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