Japanese Art of the 1990s: Influences from American Pop Art

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Japanese Art of the 1990s
Rembrandt, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632  Morimura, Portrait (9 Faces) Peter Gertner, Crucificion 
Yen Mountain, 1991, assemblage
Stacks money with his face on them
Moneki Neko cat on top
Poses as many different famous film actresses
Marilyn Monroe
Audrey Hepburn
Black Marilyn
To My Little Sister/For Cindy Sherman
Mona Lisa in Its Origins
He procreates his work to be like others
The prep work he does for the work is a hidden performance art

Influences from American Pop Art
Claes Oldenburg 1960s- storefronts/soft sculptures/playing with scale Soft Toilet
Installation 1962
UNLV’s Flashlight, 1981

Andy Warhol 70s/80s- mixed commercial and fine art/appropriation Campbell’s Soup Cans

Roy Lichtenstein- 60s-1997- comic book influence
Sweet Dreams Baby

Keith Haring 80s-90s- Pop Shop
Any (Warhol) Mouse #2
Somewhat started as a graffiti artist

Jeff Koons 1980s- Bad boy of American Pop Art
Rabbit, stainless steel
Conceptual artist
Michael Jackson and Bubbles

Conceptual art- the idea rather that actual physical manifestation of the idea

90s Japan
The emergence of kawaii (cute) in Japanese popular culture (mainly for girls) And otaku (geek) culture for high school and college boys
Manga “comic books” graphic novels and anime (animated manga) full of violence, innocence and sexuality;
especially important Hayao Miyazaki’s Princess Mononoke, and the apocalyptic Neon Genesis Evangelion, directed by Hideaki Anno, 1995-1996 otaku and anime

Maneki Neko “Beckoning Cat”
Good Luck Charm
Calico cat
3 colors- red/black/white
Usually female with red collar and bell

Sanrio, Hello Kitty designed b Yuko Shimizu, 1974 (kawaii)
Made in the 70s
Works closely with the Maneki Neko
Kitty always had a phone “Hello Kitty”

Pokemon characters, 1996, created by Satoshi Tajiri (kawaii)


Neon Genesis Evangelion

Takashi Murakami

Started painting traditional Japanese painting
Tokyo University of the Arts (oldest art school)
Most prestigious art school in Japan
Can major in Music, Art, Japanese style art (water based pigments on paper or silk, Western painting) Nihonga- he learned all the traditional techniques of mixing powder Has a PhD in traditional art

Tokyo pop art

727 (DOB), 1996- synthetic polymer paint on canvas board, 3 panels stained the unjessohed canvas
formal characteristics are similar to Japanese painting
sense of depth
DOB DOB, 1996- vinly chloride and helium
Castle of Tin Tin, 1998- acrylic on canvas board
Multiple eyes
Curious eyelashes
Still creates a sense of 3D space

Hiropon, 1997- paint, fiberglass and iron
Hiropon means crystal meth
Crystal meth (and drugs in general) is a big problem in Japan His factory is called Hiropon
Could reference Andy Warhol?
Milk, 1998- acrylic on linen and board (on wall)

My Lonesome Cowboy, 1998- oil, acrylic, fiberglass, and irons Supposedly resembles Andy Warhol
Spring Liquid (on wall)

Mushroom Painting, 1999- acrylic on canvas on board, 7 panels Could resemble a mushroom cloud
Eyes= link to the past
Half shut eye
Looking at observer
DOB in the Strange Forest, 1999- FRP resin, fiberglass and acrylic Louisa McDonald’s favorite piece

Wonder Festival 2000 (RESEARCH THIS)
Project ko2
Second Motion
Second Mission
Otaku is shown in this festival
Ex. Transformers

1996 Tokyo Pop exhibition, Hiratsuka Museum of Art
Makoto Aida
Sense of humor that works on puns and clichés
Goes deeper/ expands
Azemichi, 1991- water based pigments on paper
Part in her hair looks like the road

Japanese Zero attack on New York City, 1996- mixed media
1 of the few artist that touches on a war theme
8 panel screen
Japanese screens are never shown flat
Can be flattened or can be seen like an accordion
Imagines what might of happened when the...
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