Psych 233 Final Exam

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Vocabulary
Phenomenology: For Kelly, it is the focus on conscious experience related to objective reality Cognitive: It stresses how people view & think about reality Existential: It emphasizes choices about the present & future Humanistic: It emphasizes choices about the present & future Constructive Alternativism: The assumption that any one event is open to a variety of different interpretations. It is considered a philosophical position. There is no reality outside of our interpretation of it Fundamental Postulate: “A persons processes are psychologically channelized by the ways in which he/she anticipates events.” People as scientists Role: A process of behavior a person engages based on his/her understanding of the behavior and constructs of other people Anxiety: The recognition that events with which we are confronted lie outside the range of one’s construct system Guilt: Perception of one’s apparent dislodgement from his core role structure Aggression: The active elaboration of ones perceptual field. This is not hostility. Kelly’s aggression is assertiveness to the rest of the world Hostility: Continued effort to extort validation in favor of a type of social prediction which has already proven itself a failure Role Construct Repertory Test (REP test): It permits a person to reveal personal constructs by comparing and contrasting a number of significant persons Cognitive Complexity: The ability to perceive differences in the way in which one construes other people Role Playing: Therapeutic method which made the client play the role of a person that bothered him to explore different ways to handle certain situations Role Reversal: The client would play the authority figure and Kelly would play the client Fixed-Role Therapy: The client would assume a role different than one’s original way of behaving and would act the new role out for a week or longer to expand his/her horizons Personal Construct: Idea of thought that a person uses when construing personal experiences (Sometimes simply called a construct) Focus Of Convenience: The events within the range of convenience for which a construct is especially appropriate

Quiz Questions
1. Which of the following best describes Kelly’s attitude toward Vaihinger’s philosophy of “as if’? he embraced it enthusiastically because it encourage propositional thinking he rejected it because it was unscientific

he rejected it because it discouraged propositional thinking he accepted it because it supported his behavioristic approach

2. There are common themes running through experiences on the basis of which we create our personal constructs. This summarizes which of the following corollaries? Organization
Experience
Construction
Choice
3.Extension involves trying new constructs while construing a situation

4. The statement, A person may successively employ a variety of construction subsystems which are inferentially incompatible with each other, describes the fragmentation corollary

5. Kelly called theories that employ terms such as drive, motive, and stimulus Push Theories

6. The term Core Role Structure refers to the roles we play while interacting with the relevant individuals and groups in our lives

7. With the process of Suspension an element of thought is held in a holding pattern until a construct system that can assimilate it is created

8. Kelly’s theory has been criticized for:
Rejecting learning, motivation, and developmental aspects of personality It’s inability to predict behavior
Generating limited empirical research

9. The statement, “ A person chooses for himself that alternative in dichotomized construct through which he anticipates the greater possibility for extension and definition of his system, “describes the Choice Corollary

10. For Kelly emotional problems are Perceptual Problems

11. According to Kelly, human behavior is Free

12. According to Kelly, the major tool a person uses in anticipating events...
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