The 19th Century Industrial Revolution

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Grade 12 West & the World – Unit Test #3 Review

Industrial Revolution

Economic, Social, Political & Intellectual Changes –
Economic: New innovations result in increase in production of goods, and trade. New ways of organizing human labor = increase in productivity. Changed the way banks and stock exchanges operated
Brought a new understanding of economics

Social: Transformed the way people made a living.
Made new middle class – “working class”
Changes in family lifestyle and leisure activities by new urban conditions. Urban centers (London & Paris) grow with people migrating from countryside. Resulting in urban slums, urban poverty and a spike in the crime wave.

Political: Women insist they start being treated as equals.
John Stewart Mills wrote “women must have freedom for society to progress.” Upward spike in women’s literacy
Working class men and women gained right to vote by 1918
By 1921, all women over 21 have right to vote
Emergence of unified states of Germany and Italy in Europe.

Intellectual: Marx saw society through the lenses of a class struggle, a struggle between bourgeoisie and the proletariat. Preached changed was only possible through revolution which would establish a new social order. His ideas had a significant impact on Europe and the rest of the world. Nietzsche was a German philosopher who questioned the emphasis on reason. “God is dead,” challenged received wisdom of Christianity. Believed people could only find meaning and purpose through the exertion of the human spirit. Nazi’s used some of his ideas.

Charles Darwin was not the first to propose evolution, but the first to propose how it worked (natural selection). He evolved his theory based on his observations in nature. Human beings were the result of evolution. Lead to a commode ration of ideas called social Darwinism.

Why the Industrial Revolution started in Britain –
* Resources: Large supply of coal to power steam engines and plenty...
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