Biography of a Mathematician
MTH/110
October 28, 2013
Michael Gray
Biography of a Mathematician
Archimedes, one of the greatest mathematicians, engineers, physicist, inventors, and astronomer's in history. Ranked with the likes of Isaac Newton and Carl Gauss, Archimedes contributions to math include the area of geometry, number theory, algebra, and theorems of plane. Birth

Archimedes was born in Syracuse, Greece on the island of Sicily in 287 BC. Son of Pheidias, a well-known astronomer, and research showing that Archimedes is thought to be a relative of King Hiero II. King Hiero II questioned a crown made for him. Archimedes studied the crown and discovered the purity of the gold in the crown. Archimedes was sitting in a bath house, watching water running from the crown of King Hiero II, observing the pattern of the water, Archimedes figured the excess of bulk with the introduction of certain alloys can be measured by placing the crown with an equal weight of gold in a separate container filled with water. This observation showed the difference of overflow; and the birth of the Archimedes Screw. Education

Phidias, Archimedes father did not want his son in Syracuse during the times of war, living a life of luxury, Archimedes was allowed o peruse the finer things in life, education. Greek families at the time wanted children to be knowledgeable, knowledge at that time was very important and a powerful tool to poses. While seeking out knowledge, and educational pursuits, Archimedes received his formal schooling in Alexandria, Egypt at the Euclid school of Mathematics. While attending school in Alexandria, Archimedes became friends with Conon of Samos, a young mathematician whom Archimedes admired and became close friends with. Mathematical discoveries Archimedes achieved, were discussed at length with his friend Canon of Samos before any publication of said discoveries. As young adult, Archimedes returned to his native land and...

...Archimedes Background/Upbringing
Archimedes was one of the most known and respected mathematicians of ancient Greece. He was born between the years of 290 and 280 BCE in Syracuse, Sicily which is currently known as Italy. His death took place in Syracuse, Sicily between the years of 212 and 211 BCE. In autumn of 212 or the spring of 211 Syracuse was taken over by Roman General Marcus Claudius Marcellus (Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d). It was during the cities take over that Archimedes was killed. There is rumors about what lead up to a Roman solider killing him. Some historians believe his death was due to Archimedes not willing to give up his mathematical diagrams of mirrors that would burn the Roman ships. The exact years of his birth and death are uncertain, but Greek historian John Tzetes believes he lived to be 75 years old (“Archimedes”, n.d). Archimedes father was named Phidias who was an astronomer. His mother’s name is unknown, but there is belief that Archimedes is related to the Ruler of Syracuse King Hiero II. There are currently not many documents of Archimedes upbringing. In fact there is only one record of his life that was written by his friend Heracleides. Unfortunately this biography was lost.
Education
Archimedes was not only a mathematician but also a physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer...

...ArchimedesArchimedes was born on 287 BC - 212 BC. His full name was Archimedes of Syracuse. He doesn’t have his full name shown; this is is because we haven’t found documents of his real full name. To everyone he is known as Archimedes of Syracuse. He was a Greek man. The things he was known for were mathematician, physicist, engineering, inventing, and astronomy. Archimedes also made several different types of things that were useful at that time period. He is considered to be the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time. He used the method of exhaustion to calculate the area under the arc of a parabola with the summation of an infinite series. He also gave a good estimate of pi.
An important reason why Archimedes is an important person is because of his discovery on the relationship between the surface and volume of a sphere and its circumscribing cylinder. He is known for his formulation of a hydrostatic, which is best known as Archimedes principle. Also he made a device for raising water which is still used in some developing countries. That is called the archimedes screw. Some other important utilities and tools he made were and still important today. For example, one thing was the lever. The lever was used to lift or pull objects. The lever is still used today. This an example of why Archimedes was an...

...Dominic Sachs
2nd block
Archimedes
Inventions of ArchimedesArchimedes area of expertise was inventions and coming up with great ideas. He was a very smart person, and had invented some useful inventions for human kind for what is still used today. BC. He was a physicist, engineer, inventor, astronomer and a Greek mathematician. Archimedes is one of the greatest math mathematicians of all time. He has been given credit for the invention of the lever even though it was used thousand of years before his time despite the fact that he did not invent it. He only gave an explanation of the principal involved in his work. Once He had made the statement “If I were to have a place to stand, I would be able to move the entire earth”.
Another invention Archimedes had invented was the Archimedes screw. This invention helps to bring water from lower areas to higher grounds by a rotating screw inside a tube constantly. The water is forced out the tube even though the water is at lower ground. This invention is also used today.
Also an interesting invention Archimedes invented was the Heat Ray. This was used to destroy enemy ships by catching a part of the ship on fire then having it burn all the way down. People have tested this invention out to see if it was true for example, in 1973 a Greek scientist Ioannis Sakkas but had failed. In 2006 the Mythbusters had...

...Archimedes’ Principle
Abstract
The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the Archimedes’ Principle for objects of different densities and use the principle to determine the density of a golf ball. The weight of rubber stopper and the wood cube were measured in the air by using the force sensor. When the objects were submerged in the water, the apparent weight of the objects was measure with the force sensor and the volume of the displaced water were measure with a graduated cylinder. These same procedure was used to obtain weight and apparent weight of the golf ball. The weight of the displaced water when the rubber stopper was submerged was 1.94 N. Buoyant force obtained was 1.96 N and 2.14 N with a percent discrepancy of 0.97% and 9.30% respectively. The weight of the displaced water by the object was 1.14 N. The buoyant force was 1.14 N and 1.24 N with a percent discrepancy of 0.0% and 8.39%, respectively. The density of the golf ball was 1201.50 kg/m3. The theoretical values of the golf ball was 1130 kg/m3. The percent discrepancy was 6.19%. The percent discrepancy between the predicted mass and the experimental mass of the beaker, water, and golf ball was 0.056% which indicates an accurate prediction. The objective of the experiment was successfully met, investigators were able to confirm that the object is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the water displaced by the object.
Objective
The purpose of...

..."Give me a lever long enough and a place to stand, and I will move the world."
Archimedes
By Alex Christopher
Archimedes was a mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor and astronomer in ancient Greece. He was born in 287 BC and lived until 212 BC in Syracuse, Sicily where he lived his whole life, except for when he went to school. Archimedes father was an astronomer and the family was related to the king of Syracuse. His family had money so they were able to afford to send him to school. When he became a teenager, he studied in Alexandria, Egypt in school that was run by students of Euclid. Euclid was known as the father of geometry which helped Archimedes learn about how to calculate angles for his inventions. There is not a lot of information about Archimedes personal life, like whether he was married or had children. He was killed during the battle of Syracuse when the Romans invaded. Even though there were orders to not kill Archimedes, he was killed by a soldier who didn’t know him.
Archimedes made a lot of contributions and is considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all times. He invented machines to protect Syracuse, pulley systems, the Archimedean screw, the planetariums and Archimedes mirror. The Archimedes mirror is also called the Death Ray and is supposed to have caught passing Roman ships on fire during...

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The Life of ArchimedesArchimedes was a Greek mathematician, a scientist, and a skilled inventor who was born around 287 B.C. in the seaport city of Syracuse, Sicily. It has been said that since his father was an astronomer, Archimedes inherited his fathers interest for mathematics, science, and inventions, however his biggest interest was in Geometry. In his lifetime not only was he was able to create a ton of helpful inventions, he also discovered how to find the volume of a sphere, determine the exact value of Pi, created the Principle of Buoyancy, and also created Scientific Notation (Powers of Ten). He took great pride in his work and there were times where he became so in depth with his work, he often forgot to bathe or eat and some would say his real hunger was to learn! Archimedes became famous for many things and he has come to be known as one of the biggest contributors to today's mathematics. He was often called “the wise one”, “the master”, and also “the great geometer” by his peers.
One of Archimedes' many accomplishments was “The Archimedes Screw” which was created to fulfill the needs of his king and good friend, King Hieron II. Archimedes was his military adviser and his job was to create useful tools as well as build things. One day King Hieron commissioned Archimedes to design a luxury ship of sorts which came to be known as “The...

...Archimedes
Water pumps, burning mirrors, levers, war machines, spheres, cylinders, circles, spheroids, or spirals, ever wondered who first thought of them? Where they came from? All of these things were considered during Archimedes life. Not much is known about Archimedes life. Yet he is still regarded as one of the most important scientists of classical antiquity. Archimedes was a mathematician with much fame whose philosophies became known all over the world. He gained the reputation that he had on his own clock. Not many other mathematicians of his time achieved that accomplishment. Archimedes was so brilliant that he is still considered by most historians throughout time as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time.
Archimedes was a mathematician and inventor of Ancient Greece born on 287 B.C. in Syracuse on the island of Sicily. His father was an astronomer named Phidias. It is said that Archimedes was known to be a relative of Hiero II. Hiero was the king of Syracuse during the life of Archimedes. Throughout their lives they were very close friends. However besides his father’s name and occupation and his relationship with Hiero nothing else is really known about any other members of Archimedes family. At one point of Archimedes life it was his inventions that delayed the capture of Syracuse by the Romans....

...Archimedes of Syracuse (287 BC – 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Archimedes is generally considered to be the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time. He used the method of exhaustion to calculate the area under the arc of a parabola with the summation of an infinite series, and gave a remarkably accurate approximation of pi. He also defined the spiral bearing his name, formulae for the volumes of solids of revolution, and an ingenious system for expressing very large numbers. Archimedes had proven that the sphere has two thirds of the volume and surface area of the cylinder and regarded this as the greatest of his mathematical achievements.
Some of Archimedes' greatest writings are preserved on a palimpsest which has been rediscovered and properly studied only since 1998.
Although Newton may have been the most important mathematician, and Gauss the greatest theorem prover, it is widely accepted that Archimedes was the greatest genius who ever lived.The works of Archimedes were written in Doric Greek, the dialect of ancient Syracuse.[53] The written work of Archimedes has not survived as well as that of Euclid, and seven of his treatises are known to have existed only through references made to them by other authors. Pappus of Alexandria mentions On Sphere-Making and another work on...