Euclid, an ancient Greek mathematician, once said to a king, "There's no royal road to geometry." By that he meant that there's no shortcuts to geometry. You have to work hard and learn it the long way. In this research paper I will tell you what made him famous and what he did.

Very little is known about Euclid's life. One of the reasons is because he gets mixed up with Euclid of Megara, a Socratic philosopher. Another reason is because some of his work was destroyed in a fire. It is not sure where or when he was born, but it is believed he was born in Athens and lived from about 365 to 300 BC. He was educated there by the followers of Pluto.

Most of Euclid's work was on geometry. To be more specific, he studied pi, prime numbers, and the number theory. He even tried to find the proof that there is no end to prime numbers. King Ptolemy let him build a school of mathematical. After Euclid build the school of mathematics he taught there for twenty to thirty years. Surprisingly, it was much like one of these days.

One of Euclid's most famous books he wrote was called "Elements." It is the oldest Greek mathematical work to survive. It was translated, edited, and studied more than any other book, except the Bible. Over 1,000 editions have been published in various languages. The whole book was written in manuscript form and was first printed in 1482. It has 13 chapters, books or texts. It is called chapters in some versions and texts or books in other versions. Chapters one through six are on plane geometry. The next three chapters were on properties of integers. The 10th chapter is on incommensurable magnitudes. Finally, the last three chapters are on solid geometry. He devoted chapter two, five, seven, nine and ten, in whole or part, to the theory of numbers. The book "Elements" was the most influential Greek mathematical work ever. It was used as a standard high school textbook unit the last century. He wrote nine other great works, but they...

...Euclid is considered by many as the “Father of Geometry.” A Greek mathematician, Euclid is believed to have lived around 300 BC. He is most known for his contributions to geometry and immaculate proofs. His magnum opus, The Elements, is one of the greatest mathematical works in history, with its use in education still existent until the 20th century.
His areas of math ranged from geometry, algebra, number theories, irrational numbers, and solid geometry. Then, after he was done teaching, he wrote his best work, The Elements. It was based on the works of mathematicians that came before him, who he had much respect for, and his own thoughts and theories. The Elements consists of thirteen books, all written by Euclid and based on methods and beliefs before him. Books 1-6 are all on focused on plane geometry, books 7-9 consist of number theories, and book 10 deals with Exodus's theory of irrational numbers, and books 11-13 deal with solid geometry. It is "remarkable for the clarity with which the theorems and problems are selected and ordered" (Albaugh, 1972). At the time of its introduction, Elements was the most comprehensive and logically rigorous examination of the basic principles of geometry. It survived the eclipse of classical learning, which occurred with the fall of the Roman Empire, through Arabic translations. Elements was reintroduced to Europe in 1120 C.E. when Adelard of Bath translated an Arabic version into Latin....

...Geometry (Greek γεωμετρία; geo = earth, metria = measure) arose as the field of knowledge dealing with spatial relationships. Geometry was one of the two fields of pre-modernmathematics, the other being the study of numbers (arithmetic).
Classic geometry was focused in compass and straightedge constructions. Geometry was revolutionized by Euclid, who introduced mathematical rigor and the axiomatic method still in use today. His book, The Elements is widely considered the most influential textbook of all time, and was known to all educated people in the West until the middle of the 20th century.[1]
In modern times, geometric concepts have been generalized to a high level of abstraction and complexity, and have been subjected to the methods of calculus and abstract algebra, so that many modern branches of the field are barely recognizable as the descendants of early geometry.
Early geometry[edit]
The earliest recorded beginnings of geometry can be traced to early peoples, who discovered obtuse triangles in the ancient Indus Valley (see Harappan Mathematics), and ancient Babylonia(see Babylonian mathematics) from around 3000 BC. Early geometry was a collection of empirically discovered principles concerning lengths, angles, areas, and volumes, which were developed to meet some practical need in surveying, construction, astronomy, and various crafts. Among these were some surprisingly sophisticated principles, and a modern mathematician might be...

...EuclidEuclid was a Greek mathematician and often known as the “Father of Geometry “.He was born around 300 B.C. He taught mathematics in Alexandria, Egypt, at the Alexandria library or "Museum", and that he wrote the most enduring mathematical work of all time, the Stoicheia or Elements, a thirteen volume work. The Elements or Stoicheia is divided into thirteen books. The books go over plane geometry, arithmetic and number theory, irrational numbers, and solid geometry. Euclid organized the known geometrical ideas, starting with simple definitions, axioms; formed statements called theorems, and set forth methods for logical proofs. He began with accepted mathematical truths, axioms and postulates, and demonstrated logically 467 propositions in plane and solid geometry. One of the proofs was for the theorem of Pythagoras or now known as Pythagorean Theorem, proving that the equation is always true for every right triangle. The Elements was the most widely used textbook of all time, has appeared in more than 1,000 editions since printing was invented, was still found in classrooms until the twentieth century, and is thought to have sold more copies than any book other than the Bible. Euclid used an approach called the "synthetic approach" to present his theorems. Using this method, one progresses in a series of logical steps from the known to the unknown. Euclid proved that it is impossible to find the...

...Euclid, also known as Euclid of Alexandria, was a Greek mathematician, often referred to as the "Father of Geometry". He was active in Alexandria during the reign of Ptolemy I (323–283 BC). His Elements is one of the most influential works in the history of mathematics, serving as the main textbook for teaching mathematics(especially geometry) from the time of its publication until the late 19th or early 20th century. In the Elements, Euclid deduced the principles of what is now called Euclidean geometry from a small set of axioms. Euclid also wrote works on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory and rigor.
"Euclid" is the anglicized version of the Greek name meaning "Good Glory".
Life
Little is known about Euclid's life, as there are only a handful of references to him. The date and place of Euclid's birth and the date and circumstances of his death are unknown, and only roughly estimated in proximity to contemporary figures mentioned in references. No likeness or description of Euclid's physical appearance made during his lifetime survived antiquity.
The few historical references to Euclid were written centuries after he lived, by Proclus and Pappus of Alexandria. Proclus introduces Euclid only briefly in his fifth-century Commentary on the Elements, as the author of Elements, that he was mentioned by Archimedes, and...

...Alexander Murray was an American psychologist whose most significant contribution to the science was the development of personality theory based on need' and press.' For more than thirty years the scientist taught at Harvard University in Boston, MA. In addition, he took part in founding the Boston Psychoanalytic Society which today boasts over 130 professional members throughout various psychoanalytic fields. Murray is also the one to have developed a Thematic Apperception Test which is now widely used in psychology to help in evaluating emotionally distressed patients. Further the test was improved and it's now used as a way to help people to understand themselves better and to allow their personalities to grow and develop. (Anderson, 1988).
Life and work of the scientist
Henry A. Murray was born in 1893. His family parents, sister and brother lived in New York. In 1915 Murray got a degree in history at Harvard University. Despite not being the most successful student, since history seemed to interest him little, he was very active and good in activities such as football, rowing, and boxing. Murry continued his studies however, and in 1919 earned a medical degree from Columbia College and appeared to be much more successful in medicine than in history. In 1926, the future psychologist got married, and within a year became an assistant director at Harvard psychological clinic. Shortly after in 1927, Murray received a second doctorate, this time in...

...Tyrone Mack
SPC 205-W02
October 4, 2013
Rachael Ray’s Achievements in Life
Specific Purpose: As a result of my speech my audience will be able to list the achievements of Rachael Ray as a chef.
Central idea: Rachael Ray is known best as an American television personality, businesswoman, celebrity chef and author.
Introduction:
I. Who is Rachael Ray?
II. At what age did Rachael Ray start cooking?
III. What are the names of Rachael Ray’s books?
IV. According to www.rachaelray.com Rachael now hosts 4 television shows.
V. Today I will answer two questions about Rachael Ray.
A. Who Rachael Ray is?
B. How many television shows does Rachael Ray air?
(Transition: Let’s learn about who Rachael Ray is.)
Body:
I. Rachael Ray is an Emmy-winning television personality, author, and chef.
A. Rachael Ray was born August 25, 1968 in Glenn Falls, New York.
1. Rachael Ray is married to John Cusimano, who is a lawyer and a member of the band Cringe.
2. Rachael has no children, but she does have a dog named Isaboo.
B. Rachael Ray’s family is Sicilian-American on her mother’s side and her father is from the South.
1. According to Rachael, she grew up in food.
2. Her family owned a restaurant in Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
3. Rachael watched her mom flipping something with a spatula; she tried copy her at the age of 4 and grilled her thumb instead.
4. Cooking is a way of life for Rachael that she was born...

...Aristotle was a famous Greek philosopher and scientist that lived from 384 to 322 BC. He is ranked with Socrates and Plato to be one of the most famous philosophers.
Aristotle was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, as the son of a physician to the royal court. At the age of 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He remained there for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher.
When Plato dies in 347 BC, Aristotle moved to Assos, where a friend of his, Hermais was ruler.There he counseled Hermais and married his niece, Pythias. After Hermais was captured and executed by the Persians in 345 BC, Aristotle went to Pella, the capital of Macedonia, and became the tutor of the king's young son Alexander, later known as Alexander the Great. In 335, when Alexander became king, Aristotle returned to Athens and established his own school, the Lyceum. Because much of the teaching and discussions took place while teachers and students were walking the Lyceum grounds, Aristotle's school became known as the Peripatetic ("walking" or "strolling") school. Upon the death of Alexander in 323 BC, strong feelings against the Macedonians began to arise in Athens, so Aristotle moved to a family estate in Euboea, where he died there the following year.
Apart from a few fragments in the work of later writer's, Aristotle's works have been lost. Aristotle also wrote some short technical notes, such as a dictionary of philosophic terms and a summary of doctrines of Pythagoras. Of...

...Becquerel was aware of how important is was to publish his discoveries quickly and if he had not presented his discovery to the Académie des Sciences the day after he made it, credit for the discovery of radioactivity and even his Nobel Prize, would have gone to Silvanus Thompson instead. After his phenomenal discovery, Becquerel made three more important contributions to science. In 1899 and 1900, he measured the deflection of beta particles and the radiation in both electric and magnetic fields. He then discovered that the active substance in uranium, uranium X, eventually stopped
radiating after a period of time, while uranium, though inactive when freshly used, eventually regained the radioactivity it had lost. Becquerel's last major achievement was the physiological effect of the radiation. He reported in 1901 of the burn caused to his chest when he carried an active sample of the Curies' radium in his vest pocket which ultimately started an investigation by physicians on radiation and the body. For his discovery of radioactivity, Becquerel shared the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics with Pierre and Marie Curie "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity". In 1908, the year of his death, his own Academy of Sciences elected him its president and one of its permanent secretaries of the Académie des Sciences. He sadly died at the age of 55 in Le Croisic. In his honour, there is a crater called...

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