black arms trade in trinidad and tobago

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Committee: Disarmament and international Security Council Country: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Delegate’s Name: Kirti Sharma
School: M.G.D Girl’s School, Jaipur
Issue on hand: Topic 1-Affective arms control and prevention of Black arms trade. Black arms trade or gunrunning is the illegal smuggling of contraband weapons and ammunition. The parameters of legal arms trade differ from country to country, according to national and local laws. Small arms trade are usually done on arms which includes revolvers and self-loading pistols, rifles and carbines, assault rifles, submachine guns, and light machine guns. And the black market includes tanks, radar systems that detect Stealth aircrafts the makings, and blueprints of the deadliest weapons of mass destruction. The difference between illegal and legal trades in arms is still extremely indistinct due to lack of strict international regulations. Black market trafficking usually takes place on a regional level. The supposed ‘merchants of death’ account for only a small fraction of illicit transfers. The most important way of trafficking is the ‘ant trade’. Numerous shipments of small numbers of weapons slowly result in the accumulation of large numbers of illicit weapons by unauthorized users. These weapons are often purchased from gun shops in small numbers and then smuggled over the border. Individual transactions occur on a small scale usually. Sometimes governments also contribute to the illicit trade. By deliberately arming fake groups involved in insurgencies against rival governments, terrorists with similar ideas, or other non-state armed groups. THE ISSUES AND CAUSES:

Arms trafficking are a major threat to nearly all countries around the globe. All countries working towards eradicating this problem employ the services of their national police, administrative and bureaucratic services. a) Since every state has its own aim and ways of security, a global, all encompassing, regulation of arms trade is difficult to achieve in terms of acceptability to individual nations. b) There exists no effective internationally binding treaty that addresses black arms trade or a universal standard for tracing and marking weapons. Lack of rigid policies and agreements only helps, the broker to form a web of arms trafficking. c) Illegal trade in small arms and light weapons occurs globally but is concentrated in areas afflicted by armed conflict and organized crime. In these regions the demand for illicit weapons is often highest. d) There are several ways by which legally originated arms get routed to illegal spheres. Shipping through dangerous routes, mismanagement of stockpiles, looting, corrupted officials and warzone seizures are a few examples of this. Small arms are one of many illegal commodities in a black market and can be exchanged for drugs, money, conflict diamonds, endangered animals, etc. Actions of arms dealers extend to other transnational criminal organizations. e) The absence of proper records of firearms of the country, their location and transportation also adds to black arms trade. ROLE OF UN:

UNODA was established in January 1998 as the Department for Disarmament Affairs which was part of the Secretary-General’s programme for reform in accordance with his report to the general assembly (A/51/950). It was originally established in 1982 upon the recommendation of the General Assembly's second special session on disarmament (SSOD II). At the end of 1997, it was named Department for Disarmament Affairs and in 2007; it became the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. Its motive was to promote –a) Nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation b)Strengthening of the disarmament regimes in respect to other weapons of mass destruction, and chemical and biological weapons c)Disarmament efforts in the area of conventional weapons, especially landmines and small arms, which are the weapons of choice in contemporary conflicts. Since 1978, the United Nations...
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