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  • Topic: Bullying, Abuse, School bullying
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  • Published : February 16, 2014
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1. The Impact of Bullying in Adolescents at School A research paper presented to the Faculty of the English and Foreign Language Department in partial fulfillment of the requirement in English Communication 2 Submitted by: 1. Paulyn Gonzaga 2. Dennimar Domingo 3. Arcy Joy Ferreras 4. Nika Rochele Alcantara 5. Racel Anne Balagtas 6. Christine Shaira Sanchez Submitted to: Professor Danilo Escandor February 6, 2013 2. Acknowledgement We profoundly would like to express our grateful to Adamson University (Adu) for providing us great learning experiences. Our special thanks go to our professor, Mr. Danilo Escandor, for teaching us on how to conduct this research correctly. He always there for correcting us, to give us right direction, and to provide us with his brilliant insights. We realized that without him, we would never have made this work to come to a good end. We also would like to thank the authors of different researches that give us different ideas in conducting our research paper. They allow us to explore more about their ideas when it comes to the topic that we‟re conducting. Also our parents for giving us their confidence in ours, encouragement and love, through our studies and our lives. They have made substantial sacrifices to help us attain our goals. And last but not least, especially God for giving us enough strength, wisdom and knowledge to do this research paper. 3. CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Every day thousands of teens wake up afraid to go to school. Bullying is a problem that affects millions of students, and it has everyone worried, not just the kids on its receiving end. Yet because parents, teachers, and other adults don't always see it, they may not understand how extreme bullying can get. Some bullies attack their targets physically, which can mean anything from shoving or tripping to punching or hitting, or even sexual assault. Others use psychological control or verbal insults to put themselves in charge. Bullying is a behavior that can only be easily recognized when individuals experience it. Bullying can happen to anyone at any age and anywhere whether at school, home, or even in a workplace. So far, it is difficult to define bullying since it relates to both a wide range behavior that may constitute bullying, and the characteristics of bullying behavior (Montgomery, 1994, p. 3). However, the definitions in use were adopted by Roland (1989) and Olweus (1991). Roland defines bullying as “long standing violence, physical or psychological, perpetrated by an individual or group directed against an individual who cannot defend himself or herself” (p. 21). In line with this Olweus also defines bullying as “repeated, negative actions over time, including hitting, kicking, threatening, locking in a room, saying nasty and unpleasant things, and teasing” (p. 413). Rigby, (2008) suggests that bullying is “the systematic abuse of power in interpersonal relationship” (p. 22). In other words, bullying is when a person is picked on over and over again by an individual or group with more power, either in terms of physical strength or social standing. Rigby argues that the abuse of power is not restricted only to certain managerial or 4. “authority” positions, but that most individuals have “the opportunity to exercise power to control over someone”. Thus, there are apparently imbalances in physical and psychological strength between the bully and the victim (Olweus and Solberg, 1998, p. 7). Regarding the recognition of bullying, Olweus and Solberg, (1998) have suggested some typical characteristics to recognize bullying behavior. They said that “we generally speak of bullying when one or more persons repeatedly and over a period of time say or do painful and unpleasant things to someone who has problems defending himself or herself” (p.7). To address the terms “painful” and “unpleasant” experience, Olweus and Solberg refer them as direct bullying and indirect bullying. They argue that “the pain and unpleasantness...
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