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Nowadays scientists are starting to pay more attention to a sector of people that used to be less cared about. Adolescence is a time of development; teenagers go through many changes on those years. It has always been known that adolescence is one of the hardest phases in someone’s life. When you start high school everything changes. You start caring more about the way you look, what you say, you start choosing differently your friends. But also many problems come along with adolescence. What goes through the mind of today’s youth interests many people who are trying to find answers to why adolescents act the way they do. Adolescence is a phase that has not really been explored thoroughly until recent years.

Adolescence is the period of time between childhood and adulthood. Adolescence is something that, when we go through it, makes us the person that we are to become. All adolescents go through points in those few years that will decide if they will go to school when they graduate or not. Adolescence is difficult, it is a time where people begin to explore who they are as individuals and develop their own identities as they get closer into adulthood.

The first main problem that affects today’s youth is depression. It has been shown that the highest percent of depression relays on adolescents. In everyday usage the term depression refers to the experience of sadness. Teenage depression is a serious problem that impacts every aspect of a teen’s life. Teen depression can lead to drug, alcohol abuse, violence, and even suicide. Parents often assume that teens try alcohol and drugs to rebel or to "fit in" with their friends. However, teens use drugs and alcohol as a way to relieve their frustrations. A depressed teen may self-medicate with alcohol to escape the terrible sense of hopelessness. Unfortunately, alcohol only aggravates the problem. The impact of drugs can be devastating for children and adolescents; they can damage the receptor cells in the brain. While some teens self-medicate to treat depression, other teens end up with a serious mental disorder due to abuse of drugs or alcohol. Abusive drinking or drug use can seriously undermine a teen's physical, emotional, and psychological health. Recent studies suggest that drug damage can be long-lasting and even permanent. Many teens have the mistaken notion that club drugs are benign. In fact, while they might feel "good" while taking them, these drugs can make it difficult for the child to feel good naturally for a long time to come. The longer adolescents use these drugs, the more difficult to heal the problem later. The median age at which teens begin to drink is thirteen. 87% of high school seniors have used alcohol. Students with grades of D or F drink 3 times as much as their counterparts with good grades. 58% of teenage drinkers report they drink when they are upset or depressed. Falling grades, skipping school, and behavioral problems are also more common in teen drinkers. Another problem that comes along with depression is overreaction. Blow-ups or overreactions where parents or adolescents make a big emotional deal over something that appears too small to warrant the explosion. One person gets inexplicably upset or offended by some apparently "trivial" event that doesn't seem to justify such a strong response. "Why are you acting to hurt and angry over something so small? Why make such big deal over such a little thing?” Problems that can be seen in all families. Teens need adult guidance more than ever to understand all the emotional and physical changes they are experiencing. When teens’ moods disrupt their ability to function on a day-to-day basis, it may indicate adolescent depression. Adolescent depression is increasing at an alarming rate. Recent surveys indicate that as many as one in five teens suffers from clinical depression. This is a serious problem. Depression can take several forms, including bipolar disorder, which is a condition that...
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