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Chapter II

Theoretical and Conceptual Framework

This chapter presents the relevant theory and related literature and studies, conceptual framework, and the operational definition of terms used in the study.

Relevant Theory

This study was conceptualize and guided by the following relevant theory:

Social Learning Theory. Bandura’s (1993) vicarious conditioning/social learning theory stressed that behavior patterns are developed through observation and direct experience within biological limits. It emphasizes that human behavior is the mutual interaction between cognitive behavioral and environmental dominants. People are affected by external forces although they can choose how to behave. Bandura further claims that one effect of observation of models can lead to the acquisitionof responses and to the change of frequency of behavior already learned. Social learning theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive behavioral and environmental influences. Within the process of reciprocal determinism lies the opportunity for people to influence their destiny as well as the limits of self-direction. A direct and complex interaction may positive interactive reflection of a good relationship. It is clearly important that for any individual, a constructive environment may help to maximize his full potentials in dealing with future undertakings; the parents and significant others place more importance influencing the total-well-being of an individual.

The child’s first place of contact with the world is the family. The child, as a result requires initial education and socialization from parents and other significant persons in the family. The parents are, in short, the child’s first teacher. They are the first and primary source of social support for young children. When parents are involved in the education of their children, children tend to model their parents’ attitudes and actions. Suffice it to say that parents exert profound influence on every aspect of child’s life. Parental attitudes have strong impact not only on family relationships, but also on the child’s learning and achievements. Many educators assume that environmental factors especially that of the home, do play a large role in a child’s assimilation of a set of values regarding education and successful performance.

Related Studies

The study of Shaw and Ingoldsby (2009) stressesed that separation is one of the most common environmental stressors experienced by children. As more has been learned about children’s adjustment to separation and response to treatment, researchers have come to view it as a complex series of transitions and adaptations, rather than a simplistic, unitary event. Within this process framework, a greater appreciation for the differential effects and application of treatment has been achieved.

In a related study of Direnfeld (2009) stated that sometimes, the animosity between separated parents is so thick if it can be cut like a knife. In such cases both parents deflect blame on the other while minimizing their own contribution to conflict. In some instances the allegations of both parents are founded. The parents are like oil and fire and simply do not get along. They both may be hurt for the demise of the relationship. They may feel embarrassed for the breakdown and need to utility the other. Each stakes out the position of being hard done bby the other thus gaining the sympathy of friends and family.

Advincula (2003) studied that the effects of parents working in the Philippines and parents working abroad on students’ behavioral attitudes. It was observed open line communication and value formation of family reveals a greater importance of Filipino culture up to the time reflected in the student behavior toward administration, teachers, and peers. The study also looked on the different levels of students’ personality traits factors,...
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