Foundation of Development Management in Comparison

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Discuss the Foundation of Development Management, compare
& contrast to the Theories of Modernization and Dependency. SDM 201222101028 Level 100
Ghana Christian University College
DCM 1101, Introduction to Development Management
Lecturer: Mr. Chris Annin Dei
Date: 8th August 2013
Word Count: 1,500

Table of ContentPg.
Introduction 3
Definition of terms 4
Foundation of Development Management 4/5
Modernization Theory 5
Dependency Theory 5/6
Differences and Similarities between both Theories 6/7/8 Conclusion

Management in Development, business and organizational activities is the act of coordinating the efforts of people to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal. Development Management started way back when development was on a rise in the now-developed nations. It was necessary for the then developing nations to apply the strategies of development management in order to check, control, and organize the growth being experienced in order to ensure a balance in growth of that nation. Development management was necessary/importance because of factors like the equitable distribution of the nation’s wealth and scares resources in the society, also to ensure and promote economic growth as well as the social transformation of the populace in terms of social amenities, health, good and affordable education, culture etc. Lastly and most importantly, development management seeks to promote and increase productivity, standard of living and the economy of a nation. What is Development?

Development according to the Encarta Dictionary is “the process of changing and becoming larger, stronger, or more impressive, successful, or advanced, or of causing somebody or something to change in this way”. A basic perspective equates development with economic growth. Achieving human development is linked to a third perspective of development which views it as freeing people from obstacles that affect their ability to develop their own lives and communities. Development, therefore, is empowerment: it is about local people taking control of their own lives, expressing their own demands and finding their own solutions to their problems. What is Management?

Management on its own according to the Encarta Dictionary is “a term used to describe the techniques and expertise of efficient organization, planning, direction, and control of the operations of a business.”

Business Dictionary defined Management as “The organization and coordination of the activities of a business in order to achieve defined objectives”. Management is often included as a factor of production along with machines, materials, and money. Management has its functions as Planning, Organizing, Leading and Controlling. Planning is determining the foreseen goals and strategies on how to achieve them, Organizing is deciding where decisions will be made, who will do what job and task & who will work for whom. Our third management function leading, involves inspiring & motivating others to work hard for the achievement of set goals and objectives. And lastly, Controlling is monitoring progress towards goal achievement and then taking corrective actions when progress isn't being made. Foundation of Development Management

Development Management according to Chris (Dei, 2013) “is a strategy employed by developing to guide or control and regulate the process of development (the process of changing and becoming larger, stronger, or more impressive, successful, or advanced)”.It emerged after the 2nd World War (Immediate Post World Period - 1945). Development Management came about to address...
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