Gun control

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Does gun control reduce crime rate?

Abstract

Over the past few months, people across the nation have been debating about gun control. Topics ranging from firearm restrictions to background checks have been heavily discussed by both emotion and logic, by both gun supporters and gun control activists, and it seems like there is no middle ground for both parties to agree on. Crime rates influence guns demanded for self-protection, and guns demanded by criminals depend upon guns held by law-abiding citizens. Comparative-static analysis is used to investigate the effects of crime and gun control policies. The results show that increases in crime control policies may reduce crime by less than one would expect because of the indirect negative effect on guns owned by the law-abiding public. Gun control policies reduce the demand for guns, but the effect on premeditated crime is ambiguous because of the negative effect on guns owned for self-protection and recreation.

Statement of the purpose
Gun Control is law designed to impose legal measures to license, control, or restrict the ownership of firearms by members of the public. That means the governments only responsibility is to control to the best of their ability, which citizens are able to get a permit to own and/or carry a firearm. They should do background checks for any mental illnesses, past criminal activity including petty crime, and whether or not they contribute to the community; i.e., having a job, presenting financial income or being a legal United States citizen etc. Government should not be able to dictate that a normal law abiding citizen who owns a gun for personal protection of home and property is responsible for all the crime. We should have stricter gun control laws because it will lead to less crime. Gun control is a big issue in America, firearms are common in United States in 2009 40 percent Americans have reported have a firearm in their household. Some claim that gun control is violation of constitutional right to bear arm and argue that the firearms prevent crime. I think if we were to make more restricted gun control laws we could decrease the suicide and homicide rate. By taking away the firearms from the American citizens and making harder restriction when firearm are purchased that could eliminate the suicide issue in America (Andres & Hempstead, 2010).

Background Information:

Each year in the United States, Americans are getting killed by firearms. Research shows that suicide is a leading cause of death; there were more than 32,000 suicides in United States in 2006. On average 46 percent of Americans committed suicide with firearm every day. The problem is not gun control, the problem is the people who are involved in miss using them. Studies show that restricting access to firearms has been an effective strategy to lower the rate of suicide. Gun control policies help reduce gun availability by creating barrier to firearm ownership (Andres & Hempstead, 2010). The gun control act started in United States because of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act in 1993, known as the Brady Bill. The Brady Bill required the purchaser to wait five days before he/she could receive his/her firearm. In those five days a background check is conducted on the individual, which prohibits individuals with criminal backgrounds from purchasing firearms. This is administered by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, but the waiting period was temporary and it ended in 1998. This Brady act was planned to reduce crimes by reducing handguns, but the law did not apply to all states it only applied to 32 states that did not have state level background check requirements (Kleck, 2008). The Brady act on suicide and homicide had a very limited impact for some subpopulation. Studies show in 2004 there were 8,084,000 applications which were received for firearm transfer, but 1.6%...
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