History: Grade 11 Exemplar Memorandum

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GRAAD 12

NATIONAL
SENIOR CERTIFICATE

GRADE 11

HISTORY P1
EXEMPLAR 2013
MEMORANDUM

MARKS: 150

This memorandum consists of 19 pages.

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History/P1

2
NSC – Grade 11 Exemplar – Memorandum

DBE/2013

SECTION A: SOURCE-BASED QUESTIONS
QUESTION 1: WHAT WERE THE CONSEQUENCES OF LENIN'S NEW
ECONOMIC POLICY (NEP) IN THE SOVIET UNION DURING THE
1920s?
1.1
1.1.1

1.1.2

1.1.3

1.2
1.2.1

1.2.2

[Extract relevant information from Source 1A – L1]
• It ensured the Communists won the Civil War

(1 x 2)

(2)

(a) War Communism
• Policy where the government took control of the economy and used nationalisation and central planning
(1 x 2)

(2)

(b) Capitalism
• Economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and operated for profit.
(1 x 2)

(2)

[Extract relevant information from Source 1A – L1]
• Famine
• 7.5 million Russian died of hunger and disease
• Discontent with Communist rule
• USA had to come to Russia’s aid
• The communists won the Civil War

(any 2 x 1)

(2)

[Interpretation of evidence from Source 1B – L2]
• It was a failure (1A)
• Destroyed the Russian economy (Own knowledge)
• Industrial production had dropped (own knowledge)
• Led to workers opposition (own knowledge/ 1A)
• 7.5 million died (according to Source 1A)
• Led to Kronstadt mutiny (own knowledge)
• Any other relevant response

(any 1 x 2)

(2)

(a)
• Private enterprise was allowed
(b)
• Farmers could sell their produce to the state or sell it on the open market (c)
• Large scale industry remained state owned
(d)
• Currency was back on a sound footing
(4 x 1)

(4)

[Explaining historical concepts from Source 1A – L1]

[Extract relevant information from Source 1B – L1]

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1.3

3
NSC – Grade 11 Exemplar – Memorandum

[Compare and contrast interpretations and perspectives presented in Sources 1A and 1B to reach a conclusion – L3]


War Communism: State controlled economy; NEP: mixed economy / elements of capitalism re-introduced.
War Communism: All land and industry was nationalised; NEP: Some private ownership of small businesses allowed
War Communism: an economic failure + lost support of peasants; NEP: economic success, won back support of many in Soviet Russia
Any other relevant comparison
(3 x 2)

(6)

[Interpretation of information from Source 1C – L2]
• War Communism was a failure
• The dislocation of communities / refugees / men at war due to WWI (19141918) + peasants refused to plant crops due to requisitioning (during Civil War 1918-24)
(1 x 2)

(2)

[Interpretation of information from Source 1C – L2]
• Farmers were against the policy of War Communism
• Slaughtered their cattle and pigs
• Any other relevant response (possibly figures are unavailable due to the disruptions in the countryside and lack of adequate official records – it is not obvious as to why there are no figures)
(any 1 x 2)

(2)

[Interpretation of information from Source 1C – L2]
• Coal production increased from 0.2-3 million tonnes
• Grain production increased from 37-77 million tonnes
• Russian economy grew
• Increase in production
• Was able to export hence more money came into the country • Any other relevant response

(2 x 2)

(4)

[Interpretation of information from Source 1D – L2]
• It was a success

(1 x 2)

(2)




1.4
1.4.1

1.4.2

1.4.3

1.5
1.5.1

1.5.2

DBE/2013

[Interpretation of information from Source 1D – L2]
(a) Communist
• Were offended/disappointed by policy/opposed it on an ideological basis (went against pure communist)
(b) Traders
• They grew prosperous / took advantage of new opportunities (c) Workers
• Some flourished, made profits, benefitted from new jobs and more plentiful supply of food.
(3 x 2)

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(6)

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1.5.3

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