History Questions

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Ch 20 From Restoration to Revolution

Multiple Choice Only
Essays are still optional and worth two points each
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____1.The principal idea that guided the Congress of Vienna was: a.| the creed of economic and political liberalism.|
b.| the restoration of the French monarchy.|
c.| the principle of legitimacy.|
d.| the utilitarianism of the Benthamites.|

____2.The Troppau Memorandum, which was signed by Russia, Prussia, and Austria, called upon the signatories to aid one another in: a.| times of economic depression.|
b.| repelling a foreign invasion.|
c.| waging an offensive war.|
d.| suppressing revolution.|

____3.The revolutions in South America were aided in 1823 when the United States issued the: a.| Doctrine of Manifest Destiny.|
b.| Monroe Doctrine.|
c.| Jefferson/Jackson Doctrine.|
d.| Treaty of La Plata.|

____4.The Decembrist Revolt of 1825 was:
a.| a direct response to the formation of the Third Section.| b.| led by army officers obsessed with Jacobin republicanism.| c.| caused by the assassination of Nicholas I.|
d.| initiated by an elite corps of Russian army officers.|

____5.The Greek war of independence:
a.| pitted various Greek groups against the Ottoman Turks.| b.| was both peaceful and bloodless.|
c.| led to the repeal of the London Protocols.|
d.| resulted in the destruction of the Ottoman empire.|

____6.Nineteenth-century liberals were least concerned with the: a.| relationship between the individual and the state.|
b.| economic well-being of the middle classes.|
c.| reform of the legal codes.|
d.| plight of the agricultural laborers.|

____7.The utopian socialist Robert Owen put his beliefs into practice in his cotton factory in: a.| Middleville, Massachusetts.|
b.| Fourier, Provence.|
c.| New Lanark, Scotland.|
d.| Birmingham, England.|

____8.In The Condition of the Working Class in England, Friedrich Engels: a.| argued that the standard of living had increased for skilled workers.| b.| gave an empirical report describing the misery of British factory workers.| c.| described his observations of a textile factory in Lancashire.| d.| offered philosophical justification for dialectical materialism.|

____9.The founder of modern socialism was:
a.| Karl Marx.|
b.| Friedrich Engels.|
c.| Theodore Herzl.|
d.| Friedrich List.|

____10.Which of the following philosophers is often considered to be a precursor to the Romantic Movement? a.| Denis Diderot|
b.| Immanuel Kant|
c.| Jean-Jacques Rousseau|
d.| Voltaire|

____11.A Romantic would probably argue that human nature is: a.| diverse, and therefore subject to no natural laws.|
b.| incapable of expression in art.|
c.| a universal, and therefore subject to investigation.| d.| necessarily evil.|

____12.In general, the Romantics would be likely to argue that: a.| the philosophies had elevated reason above emotion and spontaneity.| b.| all poetic imagination must be subject to the laws of knowledge.| c.| nature reveals nothing, the mind everything.|

d.| truth could be found in the art of the ancient world.|

____13.The fiercest critic of British industrial society was the poet: a.| William Blake.|
b.| Samuel Taylor Coleridge.|
c.| John Constable.|
d.| John Keats.|

____14.The best known Romantic fiction, Frankenstein, was written by: a.| Mary Shelley.|
b.| Mary Wollstonecraft.|
c.| Mary Keats.|
d.| Mary Bysshe.|

____15.The Reform Bill of 1832:
a.| created equal electoral districts.|
b.| passed because the governing class feared a union of the working and middle classes.| c.| gave the vote to all males except those employed as agricultural workers.| d.| did not cleanse Parliament...
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