Japanese Literature

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  • Topic: Heian period, Japan, Nara period
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  • Published : March 12, 2015
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Geane Louise J. Mendoza
BSBA-MM 4-5D

JAPANESE LITERATURE

I. History
A. Ancient Literature (until 764)- “Nara Period” (AD 710 to 794) Kan’ji- Logographic Chinese Characters which is first writing system used by Japanese that was introduce by Chinese. Kana- are syllabic Japanese scripts, a part of the Japanese writing system contrasted with the logographic Chinese characters known in Japan as kanji. 3 Kana Scripts:

Man’yogana- (old syllabic)
Katakana- (modern angular)
Hiragana – (modern cursive)

IMPORTANT LITERATURES
Kojiki- ("An Account of Ancient Matters") (711-712) a historical record that also chronicles ancient Japanese mythology and folk songs. Ō no Yasumaro (Died on August 15, 723) was a Japanese nobleman, bureaucrat, and chronicler. Empress Genmei (Genmei-tennō 660 – December 29, 721), also known as Empress Genmyō, was the 43rd monarch of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession Urashima Tarō is a Japanese legend.

Nihon Shoki - sometimes translated as “The Chronicles of Japan”, is the second oldest book of classical Japanese history. Fudoki-refer to the oldest records called Kofudoki written in the Nara period. Rikkokushi-is a general term for Japan's six national histories. Shoku Nihongi-is an imperially commissioned Japanese history text.

B. Classical literature (794–1185) “Heian period”
-Golden era of art and Literature.
Kogo Shūi is a historical record of the Inbe clan of Japan written in the early Heian period (794–1185).

IMPORTANT LITERATURES
Genji Monogatari-“The Tale of Genji” (11th Century) considered the pre-eminent masterpiece of Heian fiction and an early example of a work of fiction in the form of a novel. Kokin Wakashū ("Collection of Japanese Poems of Ancient and Modern Times") Waka (short poem) is a genre of classical Japanese poetry and one of the major genres of Japanese literature. Makura no Sōshi (990s-) “The Pillow Book” is a book of observations and musings recorded by Sei Shōnagon, an author...
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