Literary Criticsm

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The Psychological Criticism
on Thank you m’am short story
By Langston Hughes

Christina taradifa sinaga
13020110141054

Faculty of humanities
Diponegoro university
2013

ABSTRACT
In this paper the writer wants to write down about Psychological criticism. Psychology is an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviors. The purposes of this paper to analysis the psychological of main character in Thank You M’am short story by Langston Hughes. To understand psychological criticism, we can study about theory of psychological. Psychology has the immediate goal of understanding individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases, and by many accounts it ultimately aims to benefit society. From the analysis can be concluded that the Thank You M’am short story have any psychological criticism.

Keyword : Intrinsic Theory, Extrinsic Theory, Psychological Theory.

I. INTRODUCTION
“Thank you Ma’am” by Langston Hughes is a classic story that shows that sometimes giving a hand up is more important than anything else. Langston Hughes writes a parable of a short story. It is concise, yet impactful.  It only reveals what the audience needs to know to have that “Aha” moment of understanding and respect for the main character. The main reasons why the writer chooses Thank You M’am short story as her object in her paper is because it has a powerful story of the coming age, the race relations, the ability of love to transform our lives. This research is intended to answer the following questions: 1. What are the intrinsic theories in Thank You M’am short story? 2. What are the extrinsic theories used in Thank You M’am short story? 3. How does the psychological theory in Thank You M’am short story?

In relation to the preceding statement of the problems, the objectives of this study are formulated as follows: 1. To reveal the intrinsic theory as reflected in Thank You M’am short story 2. To find out the extrinsic theories in Thank You M’am short story 3. To find out how the psychological theory in Thank You M’am short story

The writer hopefully that this paper can be make many people understand about love and psychological theory Thank You M’am short story. II. BIOGRAPHY & WORKS

Langston Hughes was an American poet, novelist, playwright, short story writer and columnist, most known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance, when Afro-Americans were challenging white paternalism and racism. He was one of the first black writers in the USA to achieve literary recognition. Hughes was unashamedly black at a time when blackness was démodé. He stressed the theme of "black is beautiful" as he explored the black human condition in a variety of depths (Patterson 1969). His main concern was the uplift of his people, whose strengths, resiliency, courage, and humor he wanted to record as part of the general American experience. His poetry and fiction portrayed the lives of the working class blacks in America, lives he portrayed as full of struggle, joy, laughter, and music. Permeating his work is pride in the African-American identity and its diverse culture. "My seeking has been to explain and illuminate the Negro condition in America and obliquely that of all human kind," Hughes is quoted as saying (Rampersad 1988).

III. THEORY AND METHODS

A.INTRINSIC THEORY
1. Summary
The story under discussion is about an old lady walking alone in the dark, when suddenly a boy tries to snatch her purse. However, during the attempt, he loses his balance and falls down on the pavement, and the lady, who, of course, is annoyed by the boy’s behavior, picks him up and gives him a proper lesson. She decides to bring him home to her house so he can wash his face and have a nice meal, before she hands him some money to buy the blue suede shoes he has wanted for such a long time. 2.Elements Of Short Story

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