LIVING JUSTICE AND PEACE CHAPTER 2

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Religion II the 2nd test
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Enlightenment:the up-and-coming social, political, and philosophical movement, asserted that reason and science are the basis for knowing truth.

Industrial Revolution: the shift from a farming and craft trade economy to an economy based on factory production-was well under way.

Capitalism : production for their own profit, and workers sold their labor to the owners for whatever wage they could get.

Socialism: advocated distributing wealth according to need, not ownership of capital and profits.

Communism: an ideal, equitable society in which government and laws would be unnecessary.

Natural Law: the God-given need for creation, including human beings, to follow what God intended it to be.

Marginalized: forced outside the main group.

Subsidiarity: Governments and large organizations exist only to serve the good of human beings, families, and communities, which are the center and purpose of social life.

Solidarity: a constant commitment to the common good, based on the belief that "we are all really responsible for all." (a spirit of friendship- between individuals, group, and nations- is the basis for a just world.)

Dorothy Day: criticize capitalism.

Pope Leo XIII: support the labor union, call the knights of labor.

Karl Marx: the German philosopher with his works the communist manifesto and capital, provide a bitter critique of capitalism.

Frederic Ozanam: started the Saint Vincent de Paul Society, a world- wide charitable organization for the poor. Cardinal James Gibbons: Working Catholics organized into a controversial organization known as the the Knights of Labor, a union supported by some of the U.S hierarch. True/False or Multiple Choice form:

1. What is an encyclical?
a letter written by 2 Pope given to an audience of Bishops

2.Know Rerum Novarum
Considered the beginning of Catholic social teaching

3.How does Catholic social teaching determine the value of work? The value...
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