Nanotech 1AC

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1AC Version 1.0
Observation 1: SQ
Observation One: The Status Quo
First, Nano Development in Mexico is on the rise – it’s unregulated and risks spinning out of control

Inter Press Service 2k12
(Tierramérica, “MEXICO: Scientists Call For Regulation of Nanotechnology,” 03/12/2012,, AC) MEXICO CITY, Mar 12 (Tierramérica).- Nanotechnology, which is currently unregulated in Mexico, could pose serious threats to human health and the environment, cautions a new study. "Far from a policy of precaution vis-à-vis these new technologies, products are entering the market without regulation to guarantee their safety or labels to inform of their use," researcher Guillermo Foladori of the public Autonomous University of Zacatecas told Tierramérica. Foladori and his colleague Noela Invernizzi are the co-authors of a new report, "Implicaciones sociales y ambientales del desarrollo de las nanotecnologías en América Latina y el Caribe" (Social and Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology Development in Latin America and the Caribbean), presented on Mar. 7 in Mexico City. Nanotechnology involves the manipulation of matter on an atomic and molecular scale to change its physical and chemical properties, and is used in electronic components, cosmetics and packaging, among other products. And, haphazard development risks spilling over – Latin America is a potential hotbed for Nanotech, but lack of controls or vision risks disaster

Foladori and Lau 2k7
(ReLANS coordinators, Doctoral Program in Development Studies Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas Zacatecas, México, “Nanotechnologies in Latin America,” pg online @ //um-ef) At the beginning of 2002, all nanotechnology-related research became an area of strategic importance, with some funding directed to support its development. The Programa Especial de Ciencia y Tecnología 2001-2006 (Special Program for Science and Technology 2001-2006), which is embedded inside the National Development Plan 2001-2006, views nanotechnology as a strategic area within the science of advanced materials. In the same document, the core areas to be developed are depicted in detail and include nanostructures, semiconductors, metallurgy, biomaterials, optical components, advance ceramics and modulation of materials and processes. Additionally, the Development Plan reviews the available resources in research centers with a special focus on human resources, equipment and the connections they have with industry. The Programa Especial points out the pressing need for creating a national plan on nanotechnology development and the necessity to encourage the formation of networks for scientific exchange in the area (CONACYT, 2002). Moreover, the National Development Plan 2001-2006 identifies nanotechnology research as an important subfield inside the energy sector, above all others within the framework of the Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo (“IMP”) (Mexican Institute of Petroleum). The conditions and provisions to create and implement a National Initiative for Nanotechnology Development were present, but the lack of funding and the absence of an executive plan created barriers to fully develop a national initiative for nanotechnology. In this regard, the budget for Science and Technology (“S&T”) has dramatically decreased in the last five years. In the National Development Plan, it was expected that the disbursement for Research and Development (“R&D”) would reach 1% of Gross National Product (“GDP”) by 2006. By 2004 this estimate was reduced to 0.5% of GDP and by 2005 it barely reached 0.4%. This could change at any time. One indicator of change is the report issued by the Committee for Science and Technology of the Senate of the Republic in 2005. In this document, the Committee pronounced itself in favor of preparation for a National Emergency Program for investment in research...
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