nehruvian socialism

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Jawahar lal Nehru, our first prime minister and son of Motilal Nehru was brought up in rather a democratic surrounding. Nehru joined the Indian national congress in 1912 (Gandhi being the then leader of the party) and joined the league of fighter for India’s independence. He became the first democratically elected prime-minister (in 1952) of hardly few years old born new nation freed from British reign. Thus began his another struggle for developing India as a nation, because just freedom wasn’t enough. As a statesman, Nehru became a recognized , accepted national leader. His efforts as a brilliant leader and an original thinker, carved him as ‘architect of modern India’ in history. Nehru believed and saw socialism as India’s future; however he observed that the path to socialism lay not through the struggle of class struggle, but by following Gandhi (and his principles), through social cooperation. Soon after becoming the prime minister he immediately launched a number of economic reforms in the country. He was a firm believer in state control over the economic sectors. His socialist ideals can be revealed in the way he introduced laws for land redistribution and also law for abolishing the zamindari system, in order to shorten the economic disparity in India among the landed (mainly zamindars and big farmers) and the land-less classes of tenant farmers and poor peasants. At first, the Rajendra Prasad (the then president) resisted on supporting and signing the bills but Nehru was so firm at his this decision that he compelled the president to sign on the bill. One of the Nehru's key economic reforms was the introduction of the Five Years Plan in 1951. It was introduce to determine the approach of government expenditure and grants for priority sectors like agriculture, industries and education which were in a dire need of development at that time (and still are).

NEHRU was above all creed and system of belief and he had a profound dislike for things which...
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