presentation skills

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A presentation is a means of communication which can be adapted to various speaking situations, such as talking to a group, addressing a meeting or briefing a team.

Many people feel terrified when asked to make their first public talk. Some of these initial fears can be reduced by good preparation which will also lay the groundwork for making an effective presentation. PRESENTATION SKILLS:

Preparation is the single most important part of making a successful presentation. This is the crucial foundation and you should dedicate as much time to it as possible avoiding short-cuts. Not only will good preparation ensure that you have thought carefully about the messages that you want (or need) to communicate in you presentation but it will also help boost your confidence. O The Objective

First, ask yourself 'why?' What is the purpose of the presentation, what is the objective, what outcome(s) do you and the audience expect? It is useful to write down the reason you have been asked to present so you can use this as a constant reminder while you prepare the presentation. O The Audience

Tailoring your talk to the audience is important and the following points should be considered:The size of the group or audience expected, The age range, Gender - will the audience be predominantly male or female? Is it a captive audience or will they be there out interest? Will you be speaking in their work or leisure time?Do they know something about your subject already or will it be totally new to them? Is the subject part of their work?Are you there to inform, teach, stimulate, or provoke? Can you use humour and if so what would be considered appropriate? when you know your audience deeply then you can communicate in a better way. O The Place

It is important to have as much advance information as possible about the place where you are going to speak. Ideally, try to arrange to see the venue before the speaking event, as it can be of great benefit to be familiar with the surroundings. It does much to quell fear if you can visualise the place while you are preparing your talk. Additionally, it would also give you the opportunity to try out your voice. O Length of Talk

Always find out how long you have to talk and check if this includes or excludes time for questions. Find out if there are other speakers and, if so, where you are placed in the running order. Never elect to go last. Beware of over-running, as this could be disastrous if there are other speakers following you.It is important to remember that people find it difficult to maintain concentration for long periods of time, and this is a good reason for making a presentation succinct, well-structured and interesting. Aim for 45 minutes as a maximum single-session presentation. O Q&A structur

Tell your audience that you will answer the most common questions you have heard. Then you state the question and answer it. This is one of the easiest ways to give a speech. It sounds like a conversation and you will find it easier to remember. All you need to remember are the questions because you already know the answers. The best speech feels like a conversation. O Researching your presentation

Get your facts straight. Don’t stand there saying, “I think so” or “I’m not sure.” Don’t lie and pretend to know something you do not. So spend time collecting and confirming your information. O Use images to elaborate your main points

O Tell stories. Paint word pictures that create images in the listeners’ minds. If they can see it they are more likely to understand and remember your message.The best stories are personal. Because they are yours - they are easier to remember and they make your presentation unique. O Remembering your speech

The best public speakers do not memorize their presentation. Instead know your topic and the issues. Then make notes for...
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