Bullying, Intimidation, and Harassment: Dangerous Consequences

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Introduction
Bullying is a common scenario among group of people. Furthermore, it is a common phenomenon in a school setting wherein individual differences among students exist. It has been for a time an issue which does not gain much concern. Later on, studies found out that the action have tremendous effect on both the bully and the victim, thus, making it a serious problem in the society.

On his explanatory note for S. No. 2943, Sen. Antonio F. Trillanes IV cited that bullying, intimidation and harassment if unchecked can have dangerous consequences. The U.S Department of Health recognizes bullying and harassment as major health problem which are both widespread and potentially a serious threat to the health and well-being of children and youth.

The school is an institution that will provide the students a conducive environment and healthy atmosphere. The presence of bullies affects this environment which in turned will affect the welfare of the learner/s

It is the main function of the government to protect the welfare of its people especially children. Accordingly, there have been many laws for the protection of children but is not enough to address bullying. In line with this, recent years shown that the issue of bullying gains much interest which where acted upon by legislators that lead to the creation of R.A 10627.

With these, R.A 10627 which is known as the “Anti-bullying Act of 2013” last September 12, 2013 is very important in the basic education community. The law defined bullying as ‘any severe or repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal or electronic expression, or a physical act or gesture, or any combination thereof, directed at another student that has the effect of actually causing or placing the latter in reasonable fear of physical or emotional harm or damage to his property; creating a hostile environment at school for the other student; infringing on the rights of the other student at school; or materially and substantially disrupting the education process or the orderly operation of a school’ Considering its importance, this paper aims to find the impacts of this law in Philippine education. Statement of the Problem

This paper was postulated with the following problem:
1. What legal implications does R.A 10627 known as the “Anti-Bullying Act of 2013” have to the Philippine basic education? 2. Whether or not the R.A 10627 known as “Anti-Bullying Act of 2013” has significant legal implications in Philippine basic education?

Objectives of the Study
The purpose of this study is to determine the legal implications of R.A 10627 known as “Anti-Bullying Act of 2013” in Philippine education.
Specifically, the study also aims the following objectives: 1. Critically examine the legal implications of R.A 10627 known as “Anti-Bullying Act of 2013” in Philippine education. 2. To propose recommendations to propose practices for the implementation of the law.

Conceptual Framework

Figure 1. Conceptual Framework of the Study

Review of Related Literature
Victims of bullying and those who engage in bullying behavior can experience psychological difficulties and social relationship problems. Thus, the issue of bullying is widely addressed by the international community by passing laws and programs to ensure the welfare of children.

United States of America do not have federal statutes that explicitly prohibit student bullying or cyber bullying but many of its states have laws that explicitly prohibit bullying.

Discussion
The R.A. 10627 mainly focuses on student/s to student/s act of bullying. It is clear that the younger the age, the more vulnerable a person. This shows that the elementary and secondary years, the more likely the act will occur. Given this, the act will most likely to happen within the school premises. Though the act would not happen within the school, knowing that they are of...
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