Review of Related Studies

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CHAPTER I
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Background of the Study
Mathematics is the study of quantity, structure, space, and change. Mathematics seeks out patterns, formulates new conjectures, and establishes truth by rigorous deduction from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions. Nowadays, it is known as one of the gate keepers for success in all fields of life. It is a common saying that Mathematics is the mother of all subjects. That is why it is considered to be more than a subject and is conceived as a key for solving problems. This problem-solving nature of Mathematics can be found in sub-disciplines of Mathematics such as in geometry, calculus, arithmetic and Advanced algebra. The fourth year high school students are taking advanced algebra. Advanced algebra is an important area of mathematics. Algebra is a generalized form of arithmetic; and for the purpose of generalization of arithmetic, the letters and signs are used. Physics, another subject that fourth year high school students have, is a natural science. It is the study of matter and its motion through space time and all that derives from these, such as energy and force. More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the world and universe behave. Physics covers a wide range of phenomena, from the smallest to the largest. Included in these are the most basic objects from which all other things are composed, and therefore physics is sometimes said to be the "fundamental science". Physics aims to describe the various phenomena that occur in nature in terms of simpler phenomena. Thus, physics aims to both connect the things we see around us to root causes, and then to try to connect these causes together in the hope of finding an ultimate reason for why nature is as it is. However, most students find these subjects challenging. These may arise from a number of factors, such as the methods employed by their teachers and practical use of these subjects in their careers and daily lives (Esteves, et. al, 2007). On the other hand, there are those who find Math and Physics easy, therefore, having good grades is just a breeze for them. Taking these into account, the researchers chose to conduct a study on the perceptions of fourth year students on Math and Physics, and if these have any effect on how they perform in the said subjects. Likewise, they wanted to know whether there is any difference between the students’ grades in Math, and their grades in Physics, considering that the latter needs background knowledge in the former. Theoretical Framework

Pareo, et. al stated that most people are not that keen on learning math and physics because they may find them hard to understand. Consequently they do not realize that they are using these sciences every day. One key to heighten a person’s interest in studying math and physics is to know more about people who have greatly contributed to these disciplines. Furthermore, Mukhtar Oudeif from the University of Michigan posited that math and physics are inseparable. Math was necessary to understand quantitative physical phenomena. Physics.org, for instance, facilitates the learning of algebra-based physics lessons such as force and motion. It is therefore interesting to find out whether the perceptions of students regarding these subjects are likewise related. That is, if they find algebra difficult, it is more likely that they have the same impression of physics as well. These are the ideas that form the core of this study, which is also reflected in the research paradigm.

Figure 1. Research Paradigm
The paradigm shows the perceptions of fourth year secondary education students as characterized by two factors: (1) methods of teaching; and (2) the subject matter’s level of difficulty.
Another important component of this study is the scholastic performance of the students in the subjects involved. The researchers aimed to determine any existing...
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