Sessional Paper No 10 1965

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African Socialism and its

Application to PltUUiing

;" Kenya

FIfty ShflliDgs .. 1965





African Socialisln and its

Application to Planlling

in Kenya





Since attainnlent of our Independence just over eighteen
months. ago, the, Government has been deciding the measures
that will ensure rapid economic development and social progres~ for all oUr citizens. Apart from the Budget statement lasf ye~i, the Government produced 'a D~velopment Plan 'covering the
years 1964-70. This Plan was prepared at very short notice ana was intended tQ be flexible to enable Government to adjust any of. "its provisions on the basis of experience and new' ideas. ' Already much has been accomplished in the short spa.ce of time 'since Independence, but a lot remains to be done if .we are to achieve our declared goals. Iil a recent statement the Mitdster for Finance ,has promised the country a balanced Budget iiI 1965 and also stated that for the first time since 1952 Kenya will m~et all her recurrent ex~nditure from her own resources. It is also good to note that our foreign exchange 'and balance of payments positi9ns have shown considerable improvements since In4epen-', 'dence~ There 'have been numerous deiegations and inqui~ies

about investment in Kenya in addition to the actual investments that have taken place. We have gone out to find new mar~ets
and' new areas of technical and trade co-operation in the workJ;­ Fr9ql the recently published ,Economic Quarterly Repprt i~wjll' be seeri that our own small farmers increased~ the value of thejr gross marketed produce from £1 1.6 million in 1963 to'£14 millj(;,D. in 1964, or an in'crease of ~early 21 per cent. In education~ ,while we await the final report of the Education Commissi9n, primary school enroIn1ent has been increased 'from' 891,553' in 1963, to 1,028,000 in 1965, and secondary school, education' is being vigorously expanded. In economic terms eighteen months is a

short period in which to attain decisive accomplishments, but it is obvious that everything points to rapid progress.
All along the Government has been guided in,":it8.~pproach
to, developmental matiers'QY t~~, declarations contaiq,ed ",~ the KANU Manifesto. In this we declared that our cC?untty ""puld dev~lop on the basis ~f, the -concepts and- philosophy of.. Detno­ cratic' African So~ialism. We ,rejected both Western Capitalism and Eastern Communism arid chose for ourselves a policy of

positive non-alignment.



Our entire approach has been 'dominated ,by a ,desire to
'ensure Afrieanization of the economy and the public service. Our task remains to try and achieve these two goals without
doing harm to' the economy itself and 'within the declared aims 'of our society.
The Government has produced this Sessional Paper which
discusses in, detail both the theory of Democratic African
Socialism· and jts ,pra«tical application to planning in' Kenya. .T here has been much debate on this· subject and the Govern­ ment's aiJD is to show very clearly oUr policies and also explain ,our programm,.,.' This should brlDg to an end all the conflicting, theoretical and academic arguments that have been going on.

The Minister

for Economic Planning and Development and
his Cabinet colleagues ,will help explain and interpret this paper to Parliament and to the public so as to ensure that it is fully underStood. I fLank him and ,his colleagues for .the time and effort, they have devoted to the preparation of this paper, which bas received th~ unanimous support .of my Cabinet.

To the nation; I have but one message. When all is said and
done we 'must 'Settle down to the job of buildihg the Kenya
n8:90n. To do this we need political ~tability and an atmosphere and'
faith at home. We'
. .
. cannot establish these if we,
'continue- with debates...
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