Statistics Coursework Plan –
In this project, I will be investigating how accurately students can estimate an angle size and the length of a line. I am investigating it to see if age, gender and mathematical capabilities have an effect on how accurate students can estimate a length of a line and an angle size. I will be using secondary raw data which is given to me to my teacher who has collected the data from other students. The accuracy of the data is unknown and also human errors are also likely Outliers and anomalies distort the mean of the data taking it to either of the two extremes. To avoid any Outliers or anomalies affecting the accuracy of this study, I will remove them before taking the sample size of around 80-100 students and I will be using stratified sampling so each category categorized by gender, age and maths set have a equal proportion in the sample as in the total population so the results are as accurate as possible. Any outliers which I may have missed can be eliminated by using the formula – Q1-(1.5)*(IQR) or Q3+(1.5)*(IQR). The three hypotheses I will be investigating will be:

Boys estimate the lengths of a line and angle sizes better than girls. – I will be investigating this as boys tend to partake in activities which involve measuring more than girls and so are better than girls at estimating lengths of a line and angle sizes. Year 8 students estimate the angle sizes and lengths of a line better than Year 10 students. – I will be investigating this because Year 8’s may not have the pressure of other subjects yet as they do not have any real exams however Year 10 students may have been preoccupied with other thoughts and so are less accurate at estimating the lengths of a line and angle sizes. Students who are better at estimating the lengths of a line are also good at estimating the angle sizes. – I will be investigating this as students who are good at estimating one are likely to be better at estimating the other as they have...

...of 1000 flights and proportions of three routes in the sample. He divides them into different sub-groups such as satisfaction, refreshments and departure time and then selects proportionally to highlight specific subgroup within the population. The reasons why Mr Kwok used this sampling method are that the cost per observation in the survey may be reduced and it also enables to increase the accuracy at a given cost.
TABLE 1: Data Summaries of Three Routes
Route 1
Route 2
Route 3
Normal(88.532,5.07943)
Normal(97.1033,5.04488)
Normal(107.15,5.15367)
Summary Statistics
Mean
88.532
Std Dev
5.0794269
Std Err Mean
0.2271589
Upper 95% Mean
88.978306
Lower 95% Mean
88.085694
N
500
Sum
44266
Summary Statistics
Mean
97.103333
Std Dev
5.0448811
Std Err Mean
0.2912663
Upper 95% Mean
97.676525
Lower 95% Mean
96.530142
N
300
Sum
29131
Summary Statistics
Mean
107.15
Std Dev
5.1536687
Std Err Mean
0.3644194
Upper 95% Mean
107.86862
Lower 95% Mean
106.43138
N
200
Sum
21430
From the table above, the total number of passengers for route 1 is 44,266, route 2 is 29,131 and route 3 is 21,430 and the total numbers of passengers for 3 routes are 94,827.
Although route 1 has the highest number of passengers and flights but it has the lowest means of passengers among the 3 routes. From...

...Coursework
This handout provides information about the module’s second coursework. Below, you will find the coursework as well as information about the marking scheme.
* The coursework requires you to engage with regression analysis by performing various regressions in Eviews and by commenting on the main results.
* The aim of the coursework is to test your ability to handle datasets with the use of a specialist software and to provide critical and informative comments on the outcome of the analysis. You are expected to use Eviews for your analysis. The use of any other alternative software should be negotiated with the lecturer;
* This coursework is an individual piece of work and accounts for 20 marks
* The deadline is: Friday 16th December
* Submission: your report should be typed with all tables, graphs and text included in one single doc or pdf file. You can submit the file via Blackboard or you can submit a hardcopy to the reception office. Notice that if you submit online the deadline will be 11.59pm on Friday 16th December while if you submit a hardcopy the deadline is 4pm on the same day.
* Marking scheme
* A first class mark is awarded to the work that:
* Contains well drawn and clear graphs, tables and regression output;
* The analysis is clear, informative, detailed and makes references to economic theory and to technical...

...techniques.
Firstly we look at data analysis. This approach starts with data that are manipulated or processed
into information that is valuable to decision making. The processing and manipulation of raw
data into meaningful information are the heart of data analysis. Data analysis includes data
description, data inference, the search for relationships in data and dealing with uncertainty
which in turn includes measuring uncertainty and modelling uncertainty explicitly.
In addition to data analysis, other decision making techniques are discussed. These techniques
include decision analysis, project scheduling and network models.
Chapter 1 illustrates a number of ways to summarise the information in data sets, also known as
descriptive statistics. It includes graphical and tabular summaries, as well as summary measures
such as means, medians and standard deviations.
Uncertainty is a key aspect of most business problems. To deal with uncertainty, we need a basic
understanding of probability. Chapter 2 covers basic rules of probability and in Chapter 3 we
discuss the important concept of probability distributions in some generality.
In Chapter 4 we discuss statistical inference (estimation), where the basic problem is to estimate
one or more characteristics of a population. Since it is too expensive to obtain the population
information, we instead select a sample from the population and then use the information in the
sample to infer the...

...Trajico, Maria Liticia D.
BSEd III-A2
REFLECTION
The first thing that puffs in my mind when I heard the word STATISTIC is that it was a very hard subject because it is another branch of mathematics that will make my head or brain bleed of thinking of how I will handle it. I have learned that statistic is a branch of mathematics concerned with the study of information that is expressed in numbers, for example information about the number of times something happens. As I examined on what the statement says, the phrase “number of times something happens” really caught my attention because my subconscious says “here we go again the non-stop solving, analyzing of problems” and I was right. This course of basic statistic has provided me with the analytical skills to crunch numerical data and to make inference from it. At first I thought that I will be alright all along with this subject but it seems that just some part of it maybe it is because I don’t pay much of my attention to it but I have learned many things. I have learned my lesson.
During our every session in this subject before having our midterm examination I really had hard and bad times in coping up with this subject. When we have our very first quiz I thought that I would fail it but it did not happen but after that, my next quizzes I have taken I failed. I was always feeling down when in every quiz I failed because even though I don’t like this...

...compliments the regular mathematics and therefore both are tested in primary schools. Mathematics is the written application of operation. It teaches students to think clearly, reason well and strategize effectively. Mental Mathematics is the ability to utilise mathematical skills to solve problems mentally. The marks scored by pupils generate statistics which are used by teachers to analyse a student’s performance and development of theories to explain the differences in performance.
The Standard 3 class is where the transition from junior to senior level occurs where teachers expect the transference of concrete to abstract thinking would have occurred.
A common theory by many primary school teachers is ‘Students perform better in Mathematics than Mental math. Mental math is something that has to be developed and involves critical thinking. Mental math requires quick thinking and the student must solve the problem in their minds whereas in regular mathematics, the problem can be solved visually. Therefore, teachers should take these factors into consideration while testing and marking students in these areas.’
In this study, the statistics of 30 students of a standard 3 class of San Fernando Boys’ Government School will be analysed to determine the truth of this theory.
DATA COLLECTION METHODS
Mathematics and mental mathematics marks of term 1 of the class of 2013 were obtained from a Standard 3 teacher of San Fernando Boys’...

...1. Introduction
This report is about the case study of PAR, INC. From the following book: Statistics for Business an Economics, 8th edition by D.R. Anderson, D.J. Sweeney and Th.A. Williams, publisher: Dave Shaut. The case is described at page 416, chapter 10.
2. Problem statement
Par, Inc. has produced a new type of golf ball. The company wants to know if this new type of golf ball is comparable to the old ones. Therefore they did a test, which consists out of 40 trials with the current and 40 trials with the new golf balls. The testing was performed with a mechanical fitting machine so that any difference between the mean distances for the two models could be attributed to a difference in the design. The outcomes are given in the table of appendix 1.
3. Hypothesis testing
The first thing to do is to formulate and present the rationale for a hypothesis test that Par, Inc. could use to compare the driving distance of the current and new golf balls. By formulation of these hypothesis there is assumed that the new and current golf balls show no significant difference to each other. The hypothesis and alternative hypothesis are formulated as follow:
Question 1
H0 : µ1 - µ2 = 0 (they are the same)
Ha : µ1 - µ2 ≠ 0 (the are not the same)
4. P-value
Secondly; analyze the data to provide the hypothesis testing conclusion. The p-value for the test is:
Question 2
Note: the statistical data is provide in § 5.
-one machine
-two...

...typically have? You take a random sample of 51 reduced-fat cookies and test them in a lab, finding a mean fat content of 4.2 grams. You calculate a 95% confidence interval and find that the margin of error is ±0.8 grams. A) You are 95% confident that the mean fat in reduced fat cookies is between 3.4 and 5 grams of fat. B) We are 95% confident that the mean fat in all cookies is between 3.4 and 5 grams. C) We are 95% sure that the average amount of fat in the cookies in this study was between 3.4 and 5 grams. D) 95% of reduced fat cookies have between 3.4 and 5 grams of fat. E) 95% of the cookies in the sample had between 3.4 and 5 grams of fat. Determine the margin of error in estimating the population parameter. 12) How tall is your average statistics classmate? To determine this, you measure the height of a random sample of 15 of your 100 fellow students, finding a 95% confidence interval for the mean height of 67.25 to 69.75 inches. A) 1.5 inches B) 0.25 inches C) 1.06 inches D) 1.25 inches E) Not enough information is given. 12) 11) 10)
3
Construct the indicated confidence interval for the difference between the two population means. Assume that the assumptions and conditions for inference have been met. 13) The table below gives information concerning the gasoline mileage for random samples of trucks of two different types. Find a 95% confidence interval for the difference in the means m X - m Y. Brand X Brand Y 50 50 20.1 24.3 2.3 1.8 13)...

...Statistics 1
Business Statistics
LaSaundra H. – Lancaster
BUS 308 Statistics for Managers
Instructor Nicole Rodieck
3/2/2014
Statistics 2
When we hear about business statistics, when think about the decisions that a manager makes to help make his/her business successful. But do we really know what it takes to run a business on a statistical level? While some may think that businessstatistics is too much work because it entails a detailed decision making process that includes calculations, I feel that without educating yourself on the processes first you wouldn’t know how to imply statistics. This is a tool managers will need in order to run a successful business. In this paper I will review types of statistical elements like: Descriptive, Inferential, hypothesis development and testing and the evaluation of the results. Also I will discuss what I have learned from business statistics.
My description of Descriptive statistics is that they are the numerical elements that make up a data that can refer to an amount of a categorized description of an item such as the percentage that asks the question, “How many or how much does it take to “ and the outcome numerical amount. According to “Dr. Ashram’s Statistics site” “The quantities most commonly used to measure the dispersion of the values about...