THEORIES AND PRACTICES OF DEVELOPMENT M

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MULUNGUSHI UNIVERSITY
INSTITUTE OF DISTANCE EDUCATION

COURSE: THEORIES AND PRACTICES OF
DEVELOPMENT

COURSE CODE: SSS 211

First Publication: August, 2012

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

MULUNGUSHI UNIVERSITY
INSTITUTE OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
P.O. BOX 80415
KABWE

COPY RIGHT
All Rights Reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any means without permission in writing from the author.

Mulungushi University
Institute of Distance Education
Great North Road Campus
P.O. Box 80415
KABWE
ZAMBIA
Fax: +260 215 222142/223750
E-mail: [Add e-mail address]
Website: www.mu.ac.za
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Prepared for, and on behalf of
Mulungushi University

THEORIES AND PRACTICES OF DEVELOPMENT

Author: Francis Lungo
francisissues@gmail.com

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The Institute of Distance Education, School of Social Sciences wishes to thank the following individuals for their contributions, comments and editing of the Modules:

iii
Prepared for, and on behalf of
Mulungushi University

THEORIES AND PRACTICES OF DEVELOPMENT

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

MULUNGUSHI UNIVERSITY
INSTITUTE OF DISTANCE EDUCATION
P.O. BOX 80415
KABWE

CONTENTS
GENERAL INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................... 6 Unit 1: BASIC CONCEPTS IN THEORIES AND PRACTICES OF DEVELOPMENT .............................................. 10 1.0 Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 10 2.0 Objectives.............................................................................................................................................. 11 3.0 Main Content ........................................................................................................................................ 11 3.1 What Development is ....................................................................................................................... 11 3.2 Colonialism ........................................................................................................................................ 14 3.3 North–South Divide .......................................................................................................................... 17 3.3.1 Problems with Defining the Divide ............................................................................................ 18 3.3.2 Defining Development using the North-South Orientation ....................................................... 18 3.3.3 Development Gap ...................................................................................................................... 19 3.3.4 Theories Explaining the Divide ................................................................................................... 19 3.3.5 Closing the Divide....................................................................................................................... 19 3.4 Modernisation requires Internal Changes ........................................................................................ 20 3.5 Impact of Colonialism ....................................................................................................................... 22 3.6 Budget Support ................................................................................................................................. 22 3.6.1 Rationale for Budget Support .................................................................................................... 23 3.6.2 Risks ........................................................................................................................................... 23 4.0 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................. 24 5.0 Summary...
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