English 101, 57P5
March 2 2013
Final Draft Major Essay #2
The earth warms, the earth cools. Glaciers are melting and glaciers are growing. All these things are true. These changes have been happening since the dawn of time. It is the ebb and flow of life. The earth is an ever changing organism, from growing islands to destructive natural disasters. In fact, none of these natural events are cause for alarm. However, many people, with what seems to be qualifying credentials, will proclaim that if mankind does not act now then the earth is doomed and it is man’s fault.
Times of climate change are not new to the earth. “Dr. Lonnie G. Thompson, a senior research scientist at the Byrd Polar Research Center of Ohio State University,” (414) explains that a glacier atop Kilimanjaro has been melting since, “it was first carefully surveyed in 1912” (414). In the year 1912, there was relativity no substantial amount of manmade pollution. Dr. Thompson goes on to say, “Glaciers have grown and retreated in pulses for tens of thousands of years.” (414). So, despite everything people hear on the news and read in the papers regarding Global Warming and the negative effect it is having on nature, many glaciers are in fact growing. Christopher C. Horner, senior fellow at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, gives very compelling reasons why melting glaciers are nothing for which man should be alarmed. Horner points out, “For every shrinking glacier there is a growing one” (5). Because of the growing glaciers there has been no alarming change in sea levels. “Phillip Stott, professor emeritus of biogeography at the University of London” (418), in his article titled, “Global Warming Is Not a Threat to Polar Ice,” presents another fact as to why we should not me alarmed by melting glaciers, “Most scientists think that the [Larsen B ice] sheet [in the West Atlantic] has probably been retreating spasmodically, for around the last 10,000 years, but instead of the rate accelerating in recent years, it now appears to have halted its retreat’ (420). Stott continues his argument; “There is evidence that the ice sheet in the Ross Sea area [Antarctica] is growing by as much as 26.8 gigatons per year” (420). Change is natural and inevitable. The earth has been changing for longer than man has been around to affect it. There is nothing for about which humans should be alarmed. Despite the earth being an ever changing organism, some scientists believe that, due to man, the earth is experiencing an unnatural warming trend, and that the 1990’s was the “hottest decade” (8) in recorded history. Horner points out several reasons as to why this information is skewed. One of Horner’s reasons has to do with the fall of the Soviet Union and their hundreds of weather stations that were shut down at the time of the fall of the USSR “because of more pressing domestic issues….It turns out that the 1990’s temperature increases track nicely with those closures” (1, 8). Many of the weather stations that were shut down were in and around the arctic. By losing hundreds of weather reading stations in such cold environments, the average global temperature rose (8). Horner also tells that many weather stations that were once in rural areas have seen a boom in growth and are no longer rural (1). Heavily populated areas have more buildings, roads, and cars which capture, hold, and produce more heat. Therefore a weather station that was in a rural area twenty or thirty years ago will project warmer temperatures. The temperatures around these once rural weather stations are in fact warmer than previous recordings, however it has nothing to do with global warming or manmade “greenhouse gasses”. So what naturally changes the climate of the earth? Horner explains how greenhouse gasses affect different parts of the earth and how these different...